Somalia is located in the east of the African Continent, with a population of 10,251,568, making it the 84th largest national
population. Its capital and largest city is
Mogadishu with a total population of 1,353,000. The country encompasses
637,657 square kilometers making it the 44th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Gulf of Aden, Indian
Ocean, Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti.

Federal President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election by
the Parliament and holds that position for four years. Prime Minister Abdi Farah Shirdon Said is recognized as the Head of
Government and achieved that status through appointment by the president on 6 October 2012. Its form of government is a
Federal Government and they celebrate the creation of their provisional constitution on 01 August 2012.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Somali, Arabic, Italian and English though Somali is spoken by every
resident. It counts among its major religions Sunni Muslim. As sources of mass communication it has 0 AM, 11 FM, 1
Short Wave and 4 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Shimbiris, its highest point at 2,416 meters and the Indian Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterways are the Gulf Aden and the Indian Ocean, which measure 3,025 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are sugar refining, textiles and wireless
communication. Its official currency is Somali Shilling.

Here’s something you may not know about Somalia. The only country in the world that speaks just one language is
Somalia. All the residents speak Somali.
Shipwreck of the
German WWII Cruiser
Prinz Eugen
Shimbiris- Somalia's
highest point
Kismaayo on the Indian
Ocean- Somalia's
waterway and lowest point
Modern-day Somali
Shelba River during
flood season
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Updated 29 March 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.7% (2009 est.)


Berbera in Somaliland
on the Gulf of Aden-
Somalia's waterway
Baidoa Market
Hargeysa- The capital
of  Somaliland
Tradtional Somali dress
Merca fishing boats on
the Indian Ocean
Mogadishu- Somalia's
capital and largest city on
the Indian Ocean
Remains of the WWII
RAF Base Coleby
Basso- traditional
Somali-style spaghetti
Beledweyne on
Somalia's border with
Cape Guardafui- the
Horn of Africa where the
Gulf of Aden meets the
Indian Ocean
Dekada Saylac-
northernmost point on
the Djibouti border
Garoowe- the capital
of Somali Puntland
Raas Xaafuun- the
easternmost point of
both Somalia and the
African continent
Jubbada Hoose-
southernmost point on
the Kenya border
Somalia's westernmost
point near El Wak,
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