Kingdom of Swaziland is located in the south of the African Continent, with a population of 1,403,362, making it the 154th
largest national population. Its capitals are
Lobamba (royal and legislative) and Mbabane (administrative) which is also its
largest city with a total population of 95,000. The country encompasses 17,364 square kilometers, making it the 15
9th
largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with South Africa and Mozambique.

King Mswati III is recognized as the Chief of State and along with his heir apparent Princess Sikhanyiso Dlamini achieves
that status through heredity and holds that position for life or abdication. Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini is
recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through appointment by the president from among
members of the House of Assembly and holds that position five years. Its form of government is a monarchy, and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 8th of February 2006.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are English and siSwati. It counts among its major religions Zionist, Roman
Catholic, Muslim, Anglican, Baha’i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has
3 AM, 2 FM, 3 Short Wave and 12 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Emlembe, its highest point at 1,862 meters, and Great Usutu River, its lowest point at 21
meters. Its principal waterways are the Lusutfu and Ngwavuma rivers, which measure 250 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are coal, wood pulp, sugar, soft drink
concentrates, textiles and apparel. Its official currency is Swazi Lilangeni.

Here’s something you may not know about Swaziland. Swaziland recently surpassed Botswana as the country with the
world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection.
Rhinos in Mkhaya
Game Reserve
Drakensberg
Mountains along the
border of Swaziland
and South Africa
Elephant in Mkhaya
Game Reserve
Swazi women in
traditional clothes in
the market at Manzini-
Swaziland's largest city
Mbabane- Swaziland's
administrative capital
Rainbow over the
Lebombo Mountains
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SWAZILAND
Updated 23 March 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
25.9% (2009 est.)

180,000

7,000
Group at the top of
Emlembe- Swaziland's
highest point
View from Emlembe
Great Usutu River near
Big Bend- Swaziland's
lowest point
Pigg's Peak in the
Drakensberg
Mountains near
Emlembe
Parliament building at
Lobamba- Swaziland's
royal and legislative
capital
Rock paintings near
Sandlane
Bhunya- Swaziland's
westernmost point on
the border with South
Africa
Impala at Hlane Game
Reserve
Lavumisa Dam-
Swaziland's
southernmost point on
the border with South
Africa
Lomahasha in eastern
Swaziland
Marula- Swaziland's
easternmost point on
the border with
Mozambique
Ngonini- Swaziland's
northernmost point on
the border with South
Africa
Lamb skewers- a
favorite dish of
Swaziland
Sand River Dam
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