Syrian Arab Republic is located in the Middle East of the Asian Continent, with a population of 22,530,746, making it the
52nd largest national population. Its capital is
Damascus and its largest city is Aleppo with a total population of 1,959,515.
The country encompasses 185,180 square kilometers making it the 89th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries
with Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea.

President Bashar al-Asad is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Vice President Farouk al-Shara and Vice
President Najah al-Attar, achieves that status through popular referendum and holds that position for seven years with no
term limits.  Prime Minister Muhammad Wael al-Halqi is recognized as the Head of Government and, along with Deputy
Prime Ministers Lt. Gen Fahd Jasim al-Furayj, Walid al-Mualem, Qadri Jamil and Umar Ibrahim Ghalawanji achieves that
status through appointment by the President and holds that position for seven years with no term limits. Its form of
government is a republic and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 13th of March 1973.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French and English. It
counts among its major religions Sunni Muslim, other Muslim, Christian and Jewish. As sources of mass communication it
has 14 AM, 2 FM, 1 Short Wave and 44 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Mount Hermon, its highest point at 2,814 meters and unnamed location near Lake Tiberias,
its lowest point at –200 meters. Its principal waterway is the Euphrates River, which measures 900 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, textiles, food processing,
beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement and oil seeds crushing. Its official currency is Syrian Pound.

Here’s something you may not know about Syria. Lake Tiberias, Syria’s low point, known as Sea of Galilee to Israel, is
believed to be where Jesus grew up.
Damascus- Syria's
Mount Hermon- Syria's
highest point on the
border with Lebanon
Ruins of Tadmur
The Syrian Desert
Lake Tiberias- Syria's
lowest point
Crusader's Castle in
Fortifications at
Aleppo- Syria's largest
city and one of the
oldest cities in the world
Abi's Home Page
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Sunset on the
Mediterranean Sea
Abandoned Syrian
mosque in Golan
Updated 02 March 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
less then 0.1%

less then 500 (2003)

less then 100
Traditional Syrian
The Euphrates River-
Syria's principle
Traditional Syrian food
moutabal (eggplant
dip), fatoush (salad)
and dolma (stuffed
wine leaves)
Aleppo- Syria's largest
city and one of the
oldest cities in the world
Basra ash Sham-
Syria's southernmost
point on the border with
Dura Abukamal on the
Euphrates and
Jordan's border with
Golan Heights- Syrian
territory occupied by
Latakia- Syria's
westernmost point on
the Mediterranean Sea
Meydan Akbas on
Syria's border with
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