Kingdom of Tonga is located in the west of the Oceania Continent, with a population of 106,146, making it the 191st
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Nuku'alofa with a total population of 24,500. The country
encompasses 748 square kilometers making it the 185th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with The South
Pacific Ocean.

King Tupou V
I (full name: ʻAhoʻeitu ʻUnuakiʻotonga Tukuʻaho Tupou VI) is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves
that status through heredity and holds that position for life or abdication. The Heir A
pparent is his son, Prince Tupoutoʻa
(full name: Siaosi Manumataongo ʻAlaivahamamaʻo ʻAhoʻeitu Konstantin Tukuʻaho). Prime Minister Lord
Siale'ataonga T
u'Ivakano is recognized as the Head of Government and achieves that status through election by Parliament.
He appoints the cabinet including Deputy Prime Minister Samiu Kuita Vaipulu.
Its form of government is a constitutional
monarchy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 4 November 1885.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Tongan and English. It counts among its major religions Christian. As
sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 4 FM, 1 Short Wave and 3 Television stations.

Major geographical features are an unnamed location on Kao Island, its highest point at 1,033 meters and the Pacific Ocean,
its lowest point at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is South Pacific Ocean, which measures 419 kilometers of Coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are tourism and fishing. Its official
currency is the Tongan Pa’anga.

Here’s something you may not know about Tonga. Tonga - unique among Pacific nations - never completely lost its
indigenous governance and is the only monarchy left in the Pacific.
Blow holes!
Kao Island in the
Ha'apai chain- Tonga's
highest point
Museum in Nuku'alofa
Vai Lahi Lake on
Niuafo'ou Island
Tongan Girls in
traditional clothes
Traditional Tongan
food including Lu Pulu
(corned beef) and Lu
Sipi (lamb's meat)
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Update 08 October 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:


Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Ata Island in the
Tongatapu chain-
Tonga's western and
southernmost point
Port of Refuge at
Neiafu on Vava'u
island in the Vava'u
Niuafo'ou Island-
Tonga's northernmost
Pangai Harbour on
Lifuka Island in
Tonga's Ha'apai chain
Royal Palace at
Nuku'alofa on
Tongatapu Island-
Tonga's capital and
largest city
Tofua Island in
Tonga's Ha'apai Island
Sunset on Ha'atafu
Main Street of
Tafahi Island- Tonga's
easternmost point
Late Island