Republic of Turkey is located in the southwest of Europe and the southeast of the Asian Continent, with a population of
79,749,461, making it the 17th largest national population. Its capital is
Ankara and its largest city is Istanbul with a total
population of 13,483,052. The country encompasses 783,562 square kilometers making it the 37th largest country in total area.
It shares boundaries with Black Sea, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq, Serbia, Mediterranean Sea, Greece and Bulgaria.

President Abdullah Gul is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election by the National Assembly and
holds that position for a single seven-year term. Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan is recognized as the Head of Government
and, along with Deputy Prime Ministers Bulent Arinc, Ali Babacan,
Beşir Atalay and Bekir Bozdag, achieves that status through
appointment by the president from among members of parliament and holds that position seven years. Its form of government is
a republican parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 7th of November 1982.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Turkish, Kurdish, Dimli, Azeri and Kabardian as well as Gagauz which is
widely spoken in the European portion on Turkey. It counts among its major religions Muslim and other faiths. As sources of
mass communication it has 16 AM, 107 FM, 6 Short Wave and 635 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Mount Ararat, its highest point at 5,166 meters and the Mediterranean Sea, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is the Mediterranean and Black Seas via the Sea of Marmara and Bosporus Strait, which measure
7,200 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are textiles, food processing, autos, electronics,
mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber and paper. Its official currency is the Turkish

Here’s something you may not know about Turkey. Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the Anatolian remnants of the
defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa Kemal, who was later honored with the title Ataturk, or "Father of the Turks".
Blue Mosque
Dolmabahce Palace
Botanical Gardens of
Ankara- Turkey's
capital city
Istanbul- Turkey's
largest city
Mount Ararat- Turkey's
highest point
Male Turkish dancers
in Calimanesti
View of Lake Van
Venerable Matzo Ball-
a Turkish favorite
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Updated 11 January 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.1% (2009)


ess than 200
Crumbling watchtower
Main street of Troy
Horse used in  the
movie Troy is displayed
close to Troy in Turkey
Watchtower on
Turkey's border with
Ruins of Antioch in
southern Turkey near
the Syrian border
Artin on the border with
Bridge over the
Bosporus Strait
connecting Europe to
Cesme- Turkey's
westernmost point on
the Aegean Sea
Demilitarized Zone
between Turkey and
Dogubeyazit on
Turkey's border with
Selimiye Mosque in
Edirne on Turkey's
border with Greece
Turkey's Hamzabeyli
border crossing with
Mamure Crusader
Castle in Anumur on
the Mediterranean Sea-
Turkey's southernmost
and lowest point
Sinop- Turkey's
northernmost point on
the Black Sea
Dilucu- Russia's
easternmost point on
the border with Armenia
Sunrise on Tuz Golu- a
salt lake in central
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