Updated 06 November 2012
Republic of Uzbekistan is located in the center of the Asian Continent, with a population of 28,394,180, making it the
44th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Tashkent with a total population of 2,200,000. The
country encompasses 447,400 square kilometers making it the 36th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries
with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.

President Islom Karimov is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and holds
that position for seven years and is eligible for second term. Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev is recognized as the
Head of Government and, along with First Deputy Prime Minister Rustam Azimov, achieves that status through
appointment by the president with the approval of the Supreme Assembly. Its form of government is a republic and
they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 8th of December 1993.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Uzbek, Russian, Tajik and other languages. It counts among its
major religions Muslim, Eastern Orthodox and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 20 AM, 7 FM,
10 Short Wave and 4 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Adelunga Toghi, its highest point at 4,301 meters and Sariqarnish Kuli, its lowest point
at –12 meters. Its principal waterways are Aral Sea, Syr Darya River and Amu Darya River which measure 1,100

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are textiles, food processing, machine
building, metallurgy, gold petroleum, natural gas and chemicals. Its official currency is Uzbekistani Soum.

Here’s something you may not know about Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan is one of only two countries in the world that is
doubly landlocked meaning that no country that touches them have a direct outlet to the ocean. The only other
country is Liechtenstein.
This cliff was formerly
submerged in water
but now the Aral Sea
has shrunk as seen
in the background
Inside of a mosque in
Shakrisabz in southern
Kyzyl Kum Desert in
northeast Uzbekistan
Karakalpakstan on
Ustyert Plateau near
easternmost point on
the border with
Manti Meat Dumplings-
an Uzbekistani favorite
Market in Shakrisabz
Mosque in
Samarqand- the
ancient center of the
Silk Road
Near Adelunga Toghi
Monument to  Novai
Abi's Home Page
Back to
Only working
madrassa left in  
Timur in Shakrisabz
Read about human rights in Pax
World Post Report!
Adelunga Toghi-
Uzbekistan's highest
Amu Darya River near
Ship Graveyard of the
Aral Sea on
Uzbekistan's border
with Kazakhstan
Foot bridge on
Uzbekistan's border
with Kyrgyzstan
Friendship Bridge at
Termiz- Uzbekistan's
southernmost point on
the border with
Sarquarnish Kuli-
Uzbekistan's lowest
point shared with
Along the Uzbekistan
border with Tajikistan
Fergana Valley-
easternmost point on
the border with
Former harbor town of
Aralsk on the shrining
Aral Sea- Uzbekistan's
northernmost point on
the border with
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
less than 0.1%

28,000 (2009 est.)

less than 500