Republic of Vanuatu is located in the southwest of the Oceania Continent, with a population of 256,155, making it the 183rd
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Port-Vila on Efate Island with a total population of 44,040. The
country encompasses 12,200 square kilometers making it the 161st largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with the
Pacific Ocean and the Coral Sea.
President Iolu Johnson Abbil is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through Electoral College and holds
that position for five years with no term limits. Prime Minister Sato Kilman Livtunvanu is recognized as the Head of
Government and along with Deputy Prime Minister Ham Lini Vanuaroroa achieves that status following legislative elections,
when the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected Prime Minister by Parliament from among its
members and holds that position four years. Its form of government is a parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the
creation of their constitution on 30th of July 1986.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are local languages (more than 100), Bislama pidgin, English, French and other
and unspecified. It counts among its major religions Presbyterian, Anglican, Roman Catholic, Seventh Day Adventist, other
Christian, indigenous beliefs and other, none and unspecified. As sources of mass communication it has 2 AM, 4 FM, 1 Short
Wave and 1 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Tabwemasana, its highest point at 1,877 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is Pacific Ocean, which measures 2,528 kilometers of Coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are food and fish freezing, wood processing
and meat canning. Its official currency is Vanuatuan Vatu.
Here’s something you may not know about Vanuatu. Vanuatu is a Y-shaped chain of four main islands and 80 smaller islands.
|Champagne Beach on
the Pacific Ocean-
Vanuatu's lowest point
|Crater of the Ambryn
|Port Vila- Vanuatu's
capital and largest city
cooked dishes at
Vanuatu Feast Night
Updated 19 November 2012
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
|Mount Tabwemasana on Espiritu Santo Island-
Vanuatu's westernmost and highest point
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and easternmost point
|Native canoe on Efate
|Traditional dancers on
|Hiu in the Torres
|L'ile de Gaua in the
Iles de Banks
|Port Resolution on
Vanuatu's Tanna Island