Republic of Zimbabwe is located in the south of the African continent, with a population of 12,619,600, making it the
72nd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Harare with a total population of 1,606,000. The country
encompasses 390,757 square kilometers making it the 61st largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Zambia,
Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana and Namibia.
Executive President Robert Gabriel Mugabe is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Vice President Joyce
Majuru, achieves that status through popular vote and holds that position for six years with no term limits. Traditionally
Zimbabwe has two Vice Presidents however John Landa Nkomo died 17 January 2013 and no replacement has been
named. Morgan Richard Tsvangirai is recognized as the Head of Government and, along with Deputy Prime Ministers
Arthur Mutambara and Thokozani Khuphe, achieved that status when the Zimbabwe constitution was amended as part of a
power-sharing agreement following electoral violence and controversy surrounding the 2008 presidential election and later
run-off leading to negotiations between Mugabe's ZANU-PF and rival candidate Morgan Tsvangirai's MDC Parties. Its form
of government is a parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 21 December 1979.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are English, Shona, Sindebele and numerous other tribe languages. It counts
among its major religions Syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs), Christian, indigenous beliefs, Muslim and other
faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 7 AM, 20 FM, 5 Short Wave and 17 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Inyangani, its highest point at 2,592 meters, and the junction of the Runde and Save rivers,
its lowest point at 162 meters. Its principal waterway is Lake Kariba, which measures 375 meters.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are mining, steel, wood products, cement,
chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs and beverages. Its official currency is Zimbabwean dollar.
Here’s something you may not know about Zimbabwe. In full flood from February-April, the massive Victoria Falls on the
Zambezi River forms the world's largest curtain of falling water.
|Buffalo close to Lake
|Elephant in Hwange
|Darter taking off from
capital and largest city
|Matobo Hills National
|The Great Zimbabwe
|Plane wreck in Lake
principle waterway on
the Zambia border
food- Meat and sauce
|Victoria Falls on the
Zambezi River between
Zimbabwe and Zambia
Updated 12 March 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
14.3% (2009 est.)
|Runde River in
Park near the Save
|Beitbridge- a principle
crossing into South
|Kenyamba on the
northernmost point on
the border with Zambia
westernmost point on
the borders with
Zambia, Namibia and
southernmost point on
the border with South
Africa and Mozambique
|Sorghum farmers in
easternmost point on
the border with
|Train at Plumtree on
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|Mutare on Zimbabwe's