Brunei Darussalam is located in the Southeast of the Asian Continent, with a population of 408,786, making it the 175th  
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Bandar Seri Begawan with a total population of 140,000. The
country encompasses 5,770 square kilometers making it the 170th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Brunei Bay, Malaysia and the South China Sea.

Sultan and Prime Minister Sir Hassanal Bolkiah is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and achieves
that status through heredity and holds that position for life or abdication. His Royal Highness The Crown Prince Al-
Muhtadee Billah is the heir apparent. Its form of government is a constitutional sultanate and they celebrate the creation of
their constitution on 29th of September, 1959 though it has been suspended since 1972 under a State of Emergency.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Malay, English and Chinese dialects. It counts among its major religions
Muslim, Buddhist, Christian and Indigenous Beliefs. As sources of mass communication it has 1 AM, 2 FM and 4
Television stations.

Major geographical features are Bakit Pagon, its highest point at 1,850 meters and the South China Sea, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is Brunei Bay on the South China Sea, which measures 209 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, petroleum refining, liquid
natural gas and construction. Its official currency is the Bruneian Dollar.

Here’s something you may not know about Brunei:  The Sultanate of Brunei has been in the same family for over 600 years.
Jame Asr Hassanal
Bolkiah Palace
Tamu Kianggeh Food
Market
Ulu Tempurong
National Park
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BRUNEI
Updated 21 September 2012
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
Less than 0.1% (2003 est.)

Less than 200

Less than 200
Bandar Seri Begawan-
Brunei's capital and
largest city
Bakit Pagon- Brunei's
highest point
Balang Baram River
crossing at Kuala Belat
on Brunei's western
border with Malaysia
Daging Masak Lada
Hitam- a traditional
Brunei dish of spicy
beef with potatoes and
beans
Fireworks over Muara-
Brunei's northernmost
city on Brunei Bay
Mother and son in
traditional clothes of
Brunei
National Mosque of
Brunei in Bandar Seri
Begawan
Sailboats on Brunei
Bay
Sunset on the South
China Sea- Brunei's
lowest point
Batu Gua on the Ingei
Wasa- Brunei's
southernmost point on
the border with
Sarawak Indonesia
Canopy Walkway at
Ulu Temburong
National Park- Brunei's
eastern exclave on the
border with Sarawak
Indonesia
Kuala Baram on the
north bank of the
Baram River- Brunei's
easternmost point on
the border with
Sarawak Indonesia
and the South China
Sea
Serasa Beach-
Brunei's northern and
easternmost point on
the Bay of Brunei