Kingdom of Bahrain is located in the Middle East of the Asian Continent, with a population of 1,248,348, making it the 157th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Manama with a total population of 157,474. The country encompasses
760 square kilometers making it the 18
8th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with the Persian Gulf and Gulf of

King Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa is recognized as the Chief of State and, along with Heir Apparent Crown Prince Salman bin
Hamad, achieves that status through heredity and holds that position for life or abdication. Prime Minister Khalifa bin Salman al-
Khalifa is recognized as the Head of Government and, along with Deputy Prime Ministers Ali bin Khalifa bin Salman al-Khalifa,
Muhammad bin Mubarak al-Khalifa
, Jawad bin Salim al-Araidh and Khalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa achieves that status through
appointment by the president and holds that position at the pleasure of the king. Its form of government is a constitutional
monarchy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 14th of February 2002.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, English, Farsi and Urdu. It counts among its major religions Muslim,
Christian and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 2 AM, 3 FM and 4 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Jabal ad Dukhan, its highest point at 122 meters and the Persian Gulf, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterways are the Gulf of Bahrain and the Persian Gulf, which measure 161 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum processing and refining,
aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, insurance, ship repairing and tourism. Its official currency is
Bahraini Dinar.

Here’s something you may not know about Bahrain. In 1782, the Al Khalifa family captured Bahrain from the Persians and have
ruled it ever since.
Jabal ad Dukham-
Bahrain's highest point
Muharraq Island on the
Persian Gulf- Bahrain's
lowest point
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Updated 08 March 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.2% (2001 est.)

less then 600

less then 200
Manama- Bahrain's
capital and largest city
Arab fort in Isa
King Faud Causeway
across the Gulf of
Bahrain connects
Saudi Arabia to Bahrain
Sunset on the Gulf of
Tradtional Bahraini
Tradtional Bahraini
Salad made of crisp
lettuce and garden
Beach on the Persian
Tugboat on a Gulf of
Bahrain beach
Resort hotel on Hawar
Island- Bahrain's
southernmost point
Umm Na'san Island-
Bahrain's westernmost
World Trade Center
under construction in
Bahrain International
Airport at Jazirat al
Muharraq- Bahrain's
northernmost point
Sunrise at Budiyah
Beach on Bahrain's
Persian Gulf coast
Ancient Bahraini burial
Causeway on the
border with Saudi
Arabia- Bahrain's
westernmost point
Construction on Durrat
al Bahrain off the coast
of R'as al Barr-
mainland point
Dhow and donkey off
Bahrain's Persian Gulf
coast at Barbar
Fisherman at Askar on
the Gulf of Bahrain
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