Republic of Finland is located in the north of the European Continent, with a population of 5,266,114, making it the
116th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Helsinki with a total population of 605,523. The country
encompasses 338,145 square kilometers making it the 65th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Norway, Russia, Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia and Sweden.
President Sauli Niinisto is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through popular vote and holds that
position for six years and is eligible for a second term. Prime Minister Jyrki Tapani Katainen is recognized as the Head
of Government and, along with Deputy Prime Minister Jutta Urpilainen, achieves that status through presidential
appointment when the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister are selected from the majority party or the majority
coalition after Parliamentary elections and holds that position six years. Its form of government is a Republic and they
celebrate the creation of their constitution on 1 March 2000.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Finnish, Swedish and other languages. It counts among its major
religions Lutheran National Church, Greek Orthodox in Finland, other Christian and other and no faiths. As sources of
mass communication it has 2 AM, 186 FM, 1 Short Wave and 120 Television stations.
Major geographical features are Haltiatunturi, its highest point at 1,328 meters and Baltic Sea, its lowest point at 0
meters. Its principal waterway is Suimaa Canal, which measures 3,577 kilometers.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are metals and metal products,
electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles and
clothing. Its official currency is Euro.
Here’s something you may not know about Finland. Helsinki has an average of 121 rainy days a year.
|Finland Winter Husky
|Finnish Broth- a
|Finnish kids in
|Lookout in the Aland
|Room in Finnish Ice
Finlands' lowest point
|The Torne River in
Updated 06 April 2013
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
0.1% (2009 est.)
less than 100
capital and largest city
|Baltic Sea near
southernmost point in
the Aland Islands
|Summit of Haltiatunturi-
Finland's highest point
|Kolttapahta Enonteki in
point near the borders
with Sweden and
point on the border
point. The island is
Finland and Sweden
northernmost point on
the border with Norway
|Rovaniemi- a Finnish
city situated on the
border line of the
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