Republic of Iraq is located in the Middle East of the Asian Continent, with a population of 31,129,225, making it the 39th
largest national population. Its capital and largest city
is Baghdad with a total population of 7,216,040. The country
encompasses 437,
317 square kilometers making it the 59th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with Turkey,
Iran, Persian Gulf, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria.

President Jalal Talabani is recognized as the Chief of State and along with Vice Presidents Tariq al-Hashimi
and Khudayr
Musa Jafar Abbas al-Khuzai
, achieves that status by securing a ¾ majority vote through election of the National Assembly
and holds that position for four years and selects his vice presidents from the other two major ethnic groups.  Prime
Minister Nuri al-Maliki is recognized as the Head of Government, and along with Deputy Prime Ministers Rowsch Nuri
, Husayn Ibrahim Salih al-Shahristrani and Salih al-Mutlaq achieves that status as leader of the majority party in the
National Assembly and holds that position for four years and selects his Deputy Prime Ministers from the two other major
ethnic groups. Its form of government is a parliamentary democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on
15 October 2005.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, Kurdish, Assyrian and Armenian. It counts among its major
religions Muslim, Christian and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 80 radio stations and 21 Television

Major geographical features are unnamed peak (though called Cheekha Dar by the local Kurds)in the Zagros Mountains, its
highest point at 3,611 meters and the Persian Gulf, its lowest point at 0 meters. Its principal waterways are the Euphrates
River (2,815 km), Tigris River (1,899 km), and Third River (565 km) which measure 5279 meters.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather,
construction materials, food processing, fertilizer and metal fabrication/processing. Its official currency is New Iraqi Dinar.

Here’s something you may not know about Iraq. Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain
during the course of World War I. The area was formerly known as Mesopotamia.
Ancient site of Ali Ibn
Talib Masque, Al
Basrah, Iraq
Downtown Baghdad-
Iraq's capital and
largest city
Basrah, Iraq with
Saddam's sunken yacht
Euphrates River
Halgurd Mountain in
the Zagros Mountains-
Iraq's highest point
Iraqi children
Peace Vase Halgurd
Shrine of Husyan Bni
Ali in Karbala
Abi's Home Page
Back to
Syrian Desert
Tigris River
Updated 02 January 2013
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
less then 0.1%

less then 500

N/A (2003 est.)
Al Faw Peninsula- the
easternmost point of
Iraq on the border with
De-militarized zone
between Iraq and
Dura Abukamal on
Iraq's border with Syria
Great Zab River- Iraq's
northernmost point on
the border with Turkey
Kurdish women in
traditional dress
Lake Dokan in Kurdish
Lake Rizaza
Zakho on Iraq's border
with Turkey
Shat Al Arab in Iraq's
Port of Basra
Iraq's southernmost
point looking towards
Ar Ruq, Saudi Arabia
Tepsi Baytinijan- an
Iraqi meat and
vegetable casserole
Tirbil- Iraq's
westernmost point on
the border with Jordan
Umm Qasr on the
Persian Gulf- Iraq's
lowest point
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