Updated 06 April 2013
Libyan Republic is located in the north of the African Continent, with a population of 6,002,347, making it the
8th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Tripoli with a total population of 2,200,000. The
country encompasses 1,759,540 square kilometers making it the 17th largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger, Algeria and Tunisia.

Interim President Mohammed el-Megarif is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through
election by the General National Congress which is the nation's first elected body and he will hold that position until
a new Constitution is promulgated in 2013. The Transitional National Council, which assumed control of the nation
following an armed uprising as part of the Arab Spring which toppled the government of Muamar al-Qadhafi,
disbanded on 15 August 2012 and turned over control of the government to the General National Congress who will
decide on a mechanism to select a 60-member panel tasked with writing a constitution. Ali Zidan is recognized as
the Head of Government and achieved that status by majority vote of the General National Congress. Its form of
government is transitional national council and they celebrate they presently operate under a Constitutional
Declaration promulgated on 08 February 2011.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Arabic, Italian and English. It counts among its major religion
Sunni Muslim. As sources of mass communication it has 16 AM, 3  FM, 3 Short Wave and 12 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Bikku Bitti, its highest point at 2,267 meters and Sabkhat Ghuzayyil, its lowest point
at –47 meters. Its principal waterway is the Mediterranean Sea, which measures 1,770 kilometers of coastline.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are petroleum, iron and steel, food
processing, textiles, handicrafts and cement. Its official currency is Libyan Dinar.

Here’s something you may not know about Libya. Apollonia is an ancient Greek port, which serviced the nearby
city of Rene. Earthquakes and landslides from the nearby high escarpment have destroyed much of the original city
but its setting on the Mediterranean coast is still spectacular.
Asida-a Libyan
national dessert
Gulf of Sidra
Land Rover Discovery
surrounded by curious
Libyan Children
Murzuq Sand Sea
Oasis in the Libyan
Abi's Home Page
Back to
Government Web Portal


Tripoli Post

Libya Herald

Sabratha Ruins
Tripoli- Libya's capital
and largest city
The Sahara
Ubari Sand Sea
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.3% (2001 est.)


Ajdabiyah near
Sabkhat Ghuzayyil-
Libya's lowest point
Bardiyah- Libya's
easternmost point on
the border with Egypt
Bikku Bitti in the Tibesti
Mountains- Libya's
highest point on the
border with Chad
Ghadamis- Libya's
westernmost point on
the border with Algeria
Murzuq Basin on
Libya's border with
Sahara Desert- the
southernmost point of
Libya on the borders
with Chad and Sudan
Libyan Shabanni
Tribesmen in
traditional dress
Tobruk on the Gulf of
View from Waddan
Zuwarah- Libya's
northernmost point on
the border with Tunisia
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report