PERU
Updated 28 August 2012
Republic of Peru is located in the west of the South American Continent, with a population of 29,549,517, making it
the 42nd largest national population. Its capital and largest city is
Lima with a total population of 8,472,935. The
country encompasses 1,385,220 square kilometers making it the 20th largest country in total area. It shares
boundaries with Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, the South Pacific Ocean and Ecuador.

President Ollanta Humala Tasso is recognized as the Chief of State  and, along with, 1st Vice President Marisol
Espinoza Cruz and a 2nd Vice President (to be named), achieves that status through popular vote and holds that
position for five years and are eligible for a second term. Humala along with Prime Minister Juan Federico Jimenez
Mayor, share the role as
and Head of Government however the President maintains all executive power.. Its form of
government is a Constitutional Democracy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 31st of December
1993.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are Spanish, Quechua and Aymara and a large number of minor
Amazonian languages. It counts among its major religions Roman Catholic, Seventh Day Adventist, other Christian,
and other, unspecified and no faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 472 AM, 198 FM, 189 Short Wave
and 13 Television stations.

Major geographical features are Nevado Huascaran, its highest point at 6,760 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest
point at 0 meters. Its principal waterways are the Amazon River system and Lago Titicaca, which measure 8,828
kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are mining and refining of minerals,
steel, metal fabrication, petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas, fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing
and food processing. Its official currency is Nuevo Sol.

Here’s something you may not know about Peru. Lima their largest city and capital has little or no rain-but is covered
by a fine mist called the Garua from May to October.
The Amazon River
System- one of Peru's
principle waterways
Lago Titicaca- one of
Peru's principle
waterways and a
shared border with
Bolivia
Cuzco
The Napo River
Nevado Huascaran-
Peru's highest point
Peruvian Mother and
Child
Peruvian cuisine-
Huatia (Andean beef ,
Arroz con Mariscosa
(seafood), Causa
Limeña (potato, lime
and seafood) and
Tiradito (fish strips
marinated in
lime juice and herb)
The Nazca Lines
Machu Picchu- Peru's
ancient city of ruins
Abi's Home Page
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Wild llama on Peruvian
mountainside
Lima- Peru's capital
and largest city
Peruvian desert along
the coast of the Pacific
Ocean- Peru's lowest
point
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
0.4% (2009 est.)

75,000

5,000
Alto Purus Reserved
Zone on Peru's border
with Brazil
Iquitos- Peru's
easternmost city
accessible only by air
or road
Rio Desaguadero on
Peru's border with
Bolivia
Rio Putumayo- Peru's
northernmost point on
the border with
Ecuador
Santa Rosa- Peru's
easternmost point on
the tri-border with
Colombia and Brazil
Tacna- Peru's
southernmost point on
the border with Chile
Talara- Peru's
westernmost point on
the Pacific Ocean
Playa Tumbes on
Peru's border with
Ecuador
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