Updated 08 August 2012
Independent State of Samoa is located in the south of the Oceania Continent, with a population of 194,320, making it
the 184th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Apia with a total population of 37,708. The country
encompasses 2,944 square kilometers making it the 174th largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
South Pacific Ocean.
Tuiatua Tupua Tamasese Efi is recognized as the Chief of State and achieves that status through election of the
National Assembly and holds that position for five years following the abdication of Chief Tanumafili II Malietoa.
Prime Minister Sailele Malielegaoi Tuila’epa is recognized at the Head of Government and, along with Deputy Prime
Minister Fonotoe Pierre Lauofo, achieves that status as the leader of the majority party who is usually appointed by the
Chief of State with the approval of the Legislative Assembly. Its form of government is a Parliamentary Democracy
with a Constitutional Monarchy and they celebrate the creation of their constitution on 1st of January 1962.
The languages commonly or officially spoken are Samoan and English. It counts among its major religions
Congregationalist, Roman Catholic, Methodist, Latter Day Saints, Assembly of God, Seventh Day Adventist, other
Christian, Worship Center and other faiths. As sources of mass communication it has 2 AM, 5 FM and 2 Television
Major geographical features are Mauga Silisili, its highest point at 1,857 meters and the Pacific Ocean, its lowest point
at 0 meters. Its principal waterway is South Pacific Ocean, which measures 403 kilometers of coastline.
Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are food processing, building
materials and auto parts. Its official currency is the Samoan Tala.
Here’s something you may not know about Samoa. Though Samoa is located in the westernmost time zone, it does
most of its business which is in the easternmost. As this made doing business difficult and confusingS amoa and
Tokelau have skipped a day - and jumped westwards across the international dateline - to align with trade partners.
|Mount Silisili on
|Town center Apia-
Samoa's capital and
|Typical Samoan Open
|Blowhole on Savai'i on
the Pacific Ocean-
Samoa's lowest point
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
|Adult Prevalence Rate:
People Living with HIV/AIDS:
|Fagamalo on Savai'i
Savai'i Island- Samoa's
|Manono Island situated
between Savai'i and
|Oka I'a- a Samoan dish
of lime-marinated tuna