Updated 07 April 2013
Republic of South Sudan is located in the north of the African Continent, with a population of 11,090,104, making it
76th largest national population. Its capital and largest city is Juba with a total population of 372,410. The country
encompasses 644,329 square kilometers making it the 42nd largest country in total area. It shares boundaries with
Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic and Sudan.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit  is recognized as the Chief of State and Head of Government and along with Vice
President Riek Machar, achieves that status through popular vote for four years. As part of this agreement the south
was granted a six-year period of autonomy to be followed by a referendum on final status. The result of this
referendum, held in January 2011, was a vote of 98% in favor of secession. Independence was attained on 9 July
with the promulgation of their Constitution.

The languages commonly or officially spoken are English, Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants), Dinka, Nuer,
Bari, Zande, Shilluk. It counts among its major religions indigenous beliefs and Christian. As sources of mass
communication it has 1 newspaper and 1 radio station.

Major geographical features are Kinyeti, its highest point at 3,187 meters and an unknown point most likely on the
White Nile river basin. Its principal waterways are  the White Nile which measures 950 kilometers.

Major industries providing for the bulk of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) are oil, agriculture and livestock.  Its
official currency is South Sudanese Pound.

Here’s something you may not know about South Sudan. For a majority of the people of Southern Sudan cattle are
the bases for all wealth and are central to their culture. Among the Dinka for a young man to marry he must pay the
father of the bride, 100 cattle as a bride price. As a result cattle raids on neighbors are part of the culture.
The Abyei Area, an oil
reserve on South
Sudan's border with
Sudan who controls it
Mature elephant in
Southern Sudan
Cattle are the most
common symbol of
wealth in South Sudan
Kapoeta East- South
Sudan's easternmost
point on the Kenya
Renk- South Sudan's
northernmost point on
the Sudan border
Juba- South Sudan's
capital and largest city
Loka Teak from
Africa's largest
Abi's Home Page
Back to
South Sudan cuisine
featuring kisra flat
Read about human rights in Pax
Gaea World Post Report!
Kinyati- South Sudan's
highest point near the
Ugandan border
Traditional Dinka Loak
in South Sudan
Village of Yei on South
Sudan's border with
the Democratic
Republic of the Congo
The White Nile at
Nimule- South Sudan's
southernmost point on
the border with Uganda
Mandari cow herder
and son in the Ilemi
Triangle on South
Sudan's border with
Adult Prevalence Rate:

People Living with HIV/AIDS:

HIV/AIDS Deaths:
31% (2009 est.)


Morobo- South
Sudan's southernmost
point on the border
with Democratic
Republic of Congo
South Sudanese
woman in traditional
dress and ritual
The Sudd- A massive
swamp system in
central South Sudan